DDEC III/IV Single ECM Troubleshooting

Section 36.3 Troubleshooting Flash Code 36

Section 36.3
Troubleshooting Flash Code 36

The following procedure will troubleshoot Flash Code 36.‪

Section 36.3.1
Multiple Code Check

Perform the following steps to check for multiple codes.‪

  1. Plug the diagnostic data reader (DDR) into the diagnostic data link (DDL).
  2. Turn vehicle ignition switch ON.
  3. Read active codes.
    1. If code 100/4 and no other codes were logged, refer to "36.3.2 Sensor Check" .
    2. If code 100/4 was logged and none of the following codes were logged: 110/3 or 4, 174/3 or 4, 175/3 or 4, 101/3 or 4, 102/3 or 4, 73/3 or 4, 94/3 or 4, 100/3, refer to "36.3.2 Sensor Check" .
    3. If code 100/4 and any of the following codes were logged: 110/3 or 4, 174/3 or 4, 175/3 or 4, 101/3 or 4, 102/3 or 4, 73/3 or 4, 94/3 or 4, 100/3, refer to "90.1 Description of Engine Sensor Harness" .

Section 36.3.2
Sensor Check

Perform the following steps to check the sensor.‪

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect OPS connector and install a jumper wire between sockets B and C of the OPS harness connector. See Figure "Engine Harness Connector to Oil Pressure Sensor" .
  3. Turn ignition ON.
  4. Read active codes.
  5. If active codes 100/3 or 4 were logged, proceed with the following:
    1. If active code 100/4 and any other codes were logged, refer to "36.3.4 Check for +5 Volts" .
    2. If code 100/3 and any other codes except 100/4 were logged, refer to "36.3.3 Check Oil Pressure Sensor Connectors" .
  6. If active codes 100/3 or 4 were not logged, warm up engine until either codes are logged or the engine temperature (COOLANT TEMP or OIL TEMP or DDR) has been greater than 60°C (140°F) for one minute.
    1. If active code 100/4 and any other codes were logged, refer to "36.3.4 Check for +5 Volts" .
    2. If code 100/3 and any other codes except 100/4 were logged, refer to "36.3.3 Check Oil Pressure Sensor Connectors" .
    3. Click to see this graphic in a separate window

      Figure 1. Engine Harness Connector to Oil Pressure Sensor

Section 36.3.3
Check Oil Pressure Sensor Connectors

Perform the following steps to check the OPS connectors.‪

  1. Turn ignition OFF.
  2. Check terminals at the OPS connectors (both the sensor and harness side) for damage: bent, corroded and unseated pins or sockets.
    1. If the terminals and connectors are damaged, repair them and refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    2. If the terminals and connectors are not damaged, replace the OPS. Refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 36.3.4
Check for +5 Volts

Perform the following steps to check for +5 volts.‪

  1. Turn vehicle ignition OFF.
  2. Remove jumper wire.
  3. Turn ignition ON.
  4. Measure voltage on OPS harness connector, socket C (red lead) to socket A (black lead).
    1. If the voltage measurement is less than 4 volts, refer to "36.3.8 Check for Open +5 Volt Line" .
    2. If the voltage measurement is greater than 6 volts, refer to "36.3.10 Check for Short to Battery +" .
    3. If the voltage measurement is between 4 and 6 volts, refer to "36.3.5 Check for Signal Open" .

Section 36.3.5
Check for Signal Open

Perform the following steps to check for signal open.‪

  1. Turn the ignition OFF.
  2. Disconnect the engine harness connector at the ECM. See Figure "Engine Harness Connector to Oil Pressure Sensor" .
  3. Install a jumper wire between sockets A and B of the OPS harness connector.
  4. Measure resistance between sockets P2 and Y2 on the engine harness connectors.
    1. If the resistance measurement is less than or equal to 5 Ω, refer to "36.3.11 Check for Short to Ground" .
    2. If the resistance measurement is greater than 5 Ω or open, the signal line (#530) is open. Repair the open and refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    3. Click to see this graphic in a separate window

      Figure 2. Engine Harness Connector to Oil Pressure Sensor

Section 36.3.6
Check for Short

Perform the following steps to check for a short.‪

  1. Remove jumper wire.
  2. Measure resistance between socket P2 and a good ground. Also measure resistance between P2 and Y2.
    1. If both resistance measurements are greater than 100 Ω or open, replace OPS. Refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    2. If either resistance measurement is less than 100 Ω, the signal line (#530) is shorted to the return line (#452) or battery ground. Repair short and refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 36.3.7
Check ECM Connectors

Perform the following steps to check ECM connectors.‪

  1. Check terminals at the ECM harness connector (both ECM and harness side) for damage: bent, corroded and unseated pins or sockets. Check W1, P2 and Y2 terminals and pins at ECM.
    1. If the terminals and connectors are damaged, repair them and refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    2. If the terminals and connectors are not damaged, reprogram the ECM. Refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 36.3.8
Check for Open +5 Volt Line

Perform the following steps to check for open +5 volt line.‪

  1. Turn ignition OFF.
  2. Disconnect the engine harness connectors at the ECM.
  3. Install a jumper wire between pins A and C of the OPS connector.
  4. Measure resistance between sockets W1 and Y2 on the engine harness connector.
    1. If the resistance measurement is less than or equal to 5 Ω, refer to "36.3.9 Check for Short" .
    2. If the resistance measurement is greater than 5 Ω or open, the engine +5 volt line (#416) is open. Repair the open and refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 36.3.9
Check for Short

Perform the following steps to check for a short.‪

  1. Remove jumper wire.
  2. Measure resistance between sockets A and C on the OPS harness connector. Also measure resistance between socket C and a good ground.
    1. If either resistance measurement is less than or equal to 100 Ω, the engine +5 volt line (#416) is shorted to the return line (#452) or battery ground. Repair the short and refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    2. If the resistance measurement is greater than 100 Ω or open, replace OPS and refer to "36.3.7 Check ECM Connectors" .

Section 36.3.10
Check for Short to Battery +

Perform the following steps to check for a short to battery.‪

  1. Remove both fuses to the ECM and disconnect the vehicle harness and 5-way power connectors at the ECM. See Figure "ECM Vehicle Harness Connector" .
  2. Measure resistance between socket W1 on the engine harness connector and socket B3 of the vehicle harness connector, and between W1 and the 5-way power harness sockets A and C.
    1. If resistance measurement is greater than 100 Ω, or open, replace OPS. Refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    2. If resistance measurement is less than or equal to 100 Ω, a short exists between sockets where less than 100 Ω resistance was read. Repair short and reinsert fuses. Refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    3. Click to see this graphic in a separate window

      Figure 3. ECM Vehicle Harness Connector

Section 36.3.11
Check for Short to Ground

Perform the following steps to check for a short to ground.‪

  1. Turn vehicle ignition OFF and remove jumper wire.
  2. Measure resistance between sockets P2 and Y2 on the engine harness connector. See Figure "Engine Harness Connector to Oil Pressure Sensor" .
    1. If resistance measurement is greater than 100 Ω, or open, refer to "36.3.6 Check for Short" .
    2. If resistance measurement is less than or equal to 100 Ω, the signal line (#530) and return line (#452) are shorted together. Repair the short. Refer to "36.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    3. Click to see this graphic in a separate window

      Figure 4. Engine Harness Connector to Oil Pressure Sensor

Section 36.3.12
Verify Repairs

Perform the following steps to verify repairs.‪

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF. Reconnect all connectors.
  2. Turn ignition ON. Clear codes.
  3. Start and run the engine for one minute. Stop engine.
  4. Check DDR for codes.
    1. If no codes are logged, troubleshooting is complete.
    2. If code 100/4 is not logged, and other codes are logged, refer to "9.1 First Step for Diagnosing a Fault Within the DDEC System" .
    3. If code 100/4 is logged, and other codes are logged, all system diagnostics are complete. Please review this section from the first step to find the error. Refer to "36.3.1 Multiple Code Check" .


DDEC III/IV Single ECM Troubleshooting Guide - 6SE497
Generated on 10-13-2008

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