Series 60

Section 1.12 Gear Case Pre-Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)

Section 1.12
Gear Case Pre-Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)

The gear case housing is constructed of cast iron, with machined mating surfaces, and is bolted to the front of the engine cylinder block. The gear case and gear case cover are bolted together to provide a sealed compartment for the engine gear train. See Figure "Gear Case and Gear Case Cover Pre EGR" .‪

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1. Lifting Bracket‪

3. Gear Case Housing‪

2. Gear Case Cover‪

Figure 1. Gear Case and Gear Case Cover Pre EGR

Several components are mounted to the gear case, including the adjustable idler gear assembly, see Figure "Adjustable Idler Gear Assembly" , the fuel pump drive assembly, see Figure "Fuel Pump Drive Assembly" , the air compressor drive assembly or raw water pump drive assembly, see Figure "Air Compressor or Raw Water Pump Drive Assembly" ; the water pump assembly (1991 and later engines) see Figure "Water Pump Assembly" ; and the camshaft thrust plate and drive gear assembly see Figure "Camshaft Thrust Plate Installation" .‪

In July 2001, new right and left side gear case stiffening brackets were added to provide: reduce engine noise, increase belt driven accessory life, reduce gear case vibration amplitude and reduce wear on the cam thrust plate perimeter seal. See Figure "Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Left Side)" and see Figure "Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Right Side)" .‪

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Figure 2. Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Left Side)

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Figure 3. Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Right Side)

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1. Gear Case‪

5. Adjustable Idler Gear‪

2. Diamond Dowel‪

6. Adjustable Idler Hub‪

3. Adjustable Idler Gear Locknut (3)‪

7. Adjustable Idler Gear Stud (3)‪

4. Adjustable Idler Gear Hub, Retainer‪

8. Round Dowel‪

Figure 4. Adjustable Idler Gear Assembly

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1. Fuel Pump Drive Gear‪

5. Shaft and Bearing Assembly‪

2. Snap Ring‪

6. Fuel Pump Drive Hub‪

3. O-ring‪

7. Fuel Pump Drive Coupling‪

4. Fuel Pump Drive Housing‪

8. Fuel Pump Assembly‪

Figure 5. Fuel Pump Drive Assembly

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 1. Drive Housing‪

 8. Drive Hub Flange Nut‪

 2. Washers‪

 9. Drive Housing Long Bolt‪

 3. Drive Housing Short Bolt‪

10. Drive Shaft‪

 4. Drive Ball Bearing‪

11. Drive Gear‪

 5. Snap Ring‪

12. Drive Gear Bolt‪

 6. Spacer‪

13. Drive Housing Gasket‪

 7. Drive Hub‪

14. Gear Case Housing‪

Figure 6. Air Compressor or Raw Water Pump Drive Assembly

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 1. Retaining Bolt‪

11. Oil Seal‪

 2. Washer‪

12. Water Pump Housing O-ring‪

 3. Water Pump Drive Gear‪

13. Drain Cock‪

 4. Snap-ring‪

14. Water Pump Housing‪

 5. Bearing Race‪

15. Water Pump Housing Pipe Plug‪

 6. Bearing‪

16. Water Seal‪

 7. Spacer Rings (2)‪

17. Impeller‪

 8. Bearing‪

18. Water Pump Cover O-ring‪

 9. Bearing Race‪

19. Water Pump Cover‪

10. Drive Shaft‪

20. Water Pump Cover Snap Ring‪

Figure 7. Water Pump Assembly

To eliminate the possibility of oil leakage at the adjustable idler gear stud location, Detroit Diesel recommends the following:‪

When rebuilding a Series 60 engine, or if the gear case is removed for any reason, the three original adjustable idler gear studs should be removed and replaced with new studs.‪

Before pressing studs into the gear case, coat the shanks and underside of the stud heads with Loctite® No. 242 Sealant. This will prevent any oil leakage around the studs during engine operation.‪

The Timing Reference Sensor (TRS) is an electronic component that is bolted to the side of the gear case on the intake (left) side of the engine just above the oil pan. See Figure "Timing Reference Sensor (TRS)" . ‪

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Figure 8. Timing Reference Sensor (TRS)

The Synchronous Reference Sensor (SRS) is an electronic component that is bolted to the gear case at the lower, intake (left) side of the engine. See Figure "Synchronous Reference Sensor" .‪

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Figure 9. Synchronous Reference Sensor

An opening is provided in the center of the gear case, for the bull gear and camshaft idler gear assembly, which bolts directly to the engine block. See Figure "Bull Gear and Camshaft Idler Gear Assembly" .‪

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Figure 10. Bull Gear and Camshaft Idler Gear Assembly

An access cover is provided at the rear of the gear case on the cooler (right) side of the engine. This access cover provides an opening for inspection of the accessory drive assembly drive gear. See Figure "Accessory Drive Gear Access Cover (Pre-1991 Engines)" .‪

Note: This access cover opening may be cast closed on the rear of the gear case.

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Figure 11. Accessory Drive Gear Access Cover (Pre-1991 Engines)

For gear lash measurement and adjustment procedures for the gears in the engine gear train, Refer to "1.24.2.1 Check Engine Timing" .‪

An oil gallery is drilled in the gear case casting, for lubrication of the adjustable idler gear assembly. A hole in the front of the cylinder block, indexes with the gear case gallery. At the edge of the gear case the gallery is threaded for insertion of a plug. An exit hole feeds the adjustable idler gear assembly. See Figure "Adjustable Idler Gear Lubrication Gallery" . ‪

Note: Do not use the oil plug location for an oil supply or for checking oil pressure.

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Figure 12. Adjustable Idler Gear Lubrication Gallery

Section 1.12.1
Repair or Replacement of Gear Case

To determine if repair is possible or replacement is necessary, perform the following procedure. See Figure "Flowchart for Repair or Replacement of Gear Case" .‪

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Figure 13. Flowchart for Repair or Replacement of Gear Case

Section 1.12.2
Removal of Gear Case

Perform the following steps to remove the gear case:‪

  1. Remove the SRS. Refer to "2.30.2 Removal of Synchronous Reference Sensor" .
  2. Remove the TRS. Refer to "2.32.2 Removal of Timing Reference Sensor" .
  3. Remove the rocker arm assemblies. Refer to "1.3.2 Removal of Rocker Arm Assembly" .
  4. Perform all of the steps for camshaft removal. Refer to "1.28.2 Removal of Camshaft and Camshaft Bearing" .
  5. Remove the 3 bolts that secure the camshaft gear pilot tool (J–35906) to the gear case and remove the tool.
  6. Remove the three bolts securing the former right side gear case stiffening bracket, or two bolts securing the current right side gear case stiffening bracket. See Figure "Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Right Side)" .
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    Figure 14. Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Right Side)

  7. Remove the three bolts securing the left side gear case stiffing bracket. See Figure "Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Left Side)"
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    Figure 15. Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Left Side)

  8. Remove gear case cover. Refer to "1.10.2 Removal of Engine Gear Case Cover" , for step 1 through step 13 . Supporting the gear case cover with a suitable lifting device, but don't remove it.
  9. Remove the fuel pump from the fuel pump drive assembly (or air compressor). Refer to "2.8.2 Removal of Fuel Pump (One-piece Drive Shaft)" .
  10. Remove the air compressor. Refer to "11.1.5 Cleaning and Removal of the Original-type Air Compressor" .
  11. Install the crankshaft protector (J–35994) to the oil seal contact area of the crankshaft. This will help to protect the crankshaft seal surface when removing the bull gear and camshaft idler gear assembly. See Figure "Crankshaft Protector Installation" .
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    Figure 16. Crankshaft Protector Installation

  12. Remove the bull gear and camshaft idler gear assembly from the engine. Refer to "1.33.2 Removal of Bull Gear and Camshaft Idler Gear Assembly" .
  13. Remove the adjustable idler gear assembly from the gear case. Refer to "1.30.2 Removal of Adjustable Idler Gear Assembly" .
  14. Using a plastic hammer or fiber mallet, tap the rear face of the camshaft thrust plate to remove the thrust plate, camshaft drive gear hub and camshaft drive gear from the gear case.
  15. Remove the 12 bolts that secure the gear case to the engine block. See Figure "Gear Case Mounting Bolt Locations"
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    Figure 17. Gear Case Mounting Bolt Locations

  16. Using a leather or cloth-wrapped strap, support the gear case. See Figure "Gear Case Removal" .
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    Figure 18. Gear Case Removal

  17. Use a rubber hammer or plastic mallet to loosen the gear case from the cylinder block dowels.
Section 1.12.2.1
Inspection of Gear Case

Clean all of the old gasket sealer from the mating surfaces of the gear case, gear case cover, and engine block. Refer to "Gasket Eliminator Removal," in the "General Information" section at the beginning of this manual. Clean the gasket material from the mating surfaces of any components or access covers that were removed from the gear case cover or gear case. Clean all of the parts with clean fuel oil and dry with compressed air. Remove the oil gallery plug at the edge of the gear case. See Figure "Adjustable Idler Gear Lubrication Gallery" .‪

warning

EYE INJURY

To avoid injury from flying debris when using compressed air, wear adequate eye protection (face shield or safety goggles) and do not exceed 276 kPa (40 psi) air pressure.‪

Use compressed air to ensure the oil gallery is completely free of blockage. If necessary, use a wire brush to clean the gear case oil gallery.‪

Inspect the gear case for stress cracks, breaks, or other damage. Repair or replace as necessary. Inspect the adjustable idler gear studs for signs of galling or scoring. Replace as necessary. Inspect all the individual components as outlined under the appropriate section.‪

Section 1.12.3
Installation of Gear Case

Use the following instructions for gear case installation:‪

  1. Apply a thin film of gasket eliminator PT-7276 (Loctite® 518) or equivalent to the cylinder block. See Figure "Gasket Eliminator Application" . Carefully smooth the bead around the block-to-gear case oil passage to avoid contamination.

    Note: The installation of Gasket Eliminator to the gear case-to-block mating surfaces at the top of the block is critical. Excess gasket eliminator material can extrude into the oil passage between the block and gear case, causing early failure of components. In addition, the bull gear recess area MUST be cleaned of any and all foreign material after installation of the gear case to the engine block.

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    Figure 19. Gasket Eliminator Application

  2. Insert gear case alignment plug (J–35651) into the bull gear and camshaft idler gear hub recess in the cylinder block. See Figure "Gear Case Alignment Plug" .
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    Figure 20. Gear Case Alignment Plug

  3. Using a suitable lifting sling made of cloth or leather, position the bull gear and camshaft idler gear opening of the gear case over the gear case alignment plug. Index the hole in the gear case mating surface with the diamond dowel at the lower left corner of the cylinder block. See Figure "Cylinder Block Locating Diamond Dowel" .
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    Figure 21. Cylinder Block Locating Diamond Dowel

  4. With the gear case alignment plug fully seated, the gear case centered on the alignment plug and the diamond dowel in the cylinder block indexed with its mating hole in the gear case, the gear case is positioned properly for bolt installation. See Figure "Gear Case Positioning" .
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    Figure 22. Gear Case Positioning

    Note: Gasket Eliminator cures with the absence of air. The time between the installation of the gear case, and torquing of the bolts that secure the gear case to the cylinder block should be kept to a minimum.

  5. Install the 12 gear case-to-cylinder block retaining bolts, finger-tight.
  6. Torque the gear case-to-cylinder block bolts to 58-73 N·m (43-54 lb·ft). See Figure "Gear Case Housing Bolt Torque Sequence" .
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    Figure 23. Gear Case Housing Bolt Torque Sequence

  7. Remove the gear case alignment plug from the gear case.
  8. Install the air compressor. Refer to "11.1.8 Installation of Former Air Compressor" .
  9. Install the fuel pump drive assembly to the gear case, if so equipped. Refer to "2.8.5 Installation of Gear Train-Driven Fuel Pump (One-piece Drive Shaft)" or refer to "2.8.6 Installation of Air Compressor-Driven Fuel Pump (One-piece Drive Shaft)" .
  10. Install the fuel pump to the fuel pump drive assembly (or air compressor). Refer to "2.9.3 Installation of Fuel Pump Drive Assembly" .

    Note: For 1991 and later model year engines, refer to "4.2.8 Installation of Water Pump (GCM)" or refer to "4.3.7 Installation of Front Mounted Water Pump" and install the water pump assembly.

  11. Lubricate the rubber O-ring on the camshaft thrust plate with clean engine oil. Install the camshaft thrust plate assembly, with the camshaft drive gear and hub in place to the gear case, using a plastic hammer or fiber mallet to tap the thrust plate rearward in the gear case just enough to start it in the gear case. See Figure "Camshaft Thrust Plate Installation" .
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    Figure 24. Camshaft Thrust Plate Installation

  12. Install the adjustable idler gear assembly to the gear case. Refer to "1.30.3 Installation of Adjustable Idler Gear Assembly" . Align the timing marks of the adjustable idler gear and camshaft drive gear. See Figure "Engine Gear Train Timing Marks" .
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    1. Camshaft Idler Gear‪

    4. Bull Gear‪

    2. Adjustable Idler Gear‪

    5. Crankshaft Timing Gear‪

    3. Camshaft Drive Gear‪

    Figure 25. Engine Gear Train Timing Marks

  13. Inspect the bull gear and camshaft idler gear access opening in the gear case and remove any foreign material.
  14. Install two bull gear guide studs (J–35785) to the cylinder block. See Figure "Bull Gear Guide Stud Installation" .
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    Figure 26. Bull Gear Guide Stud Installation

    NOTICE:

    Always install crankshaft protector when installing the bull gear and camshaft idler gear assembly to prevent damaging the crankshaft oil seal contact surface.‪

  15. Install the crankshaft protector (J–35994) to the oil seal contact area of the crankshaft. This will help to protect the crankshaft seal surface when installing the bull gear and camshaft idler gear assembly.
  16. Install the bull gear and camshaft idler gear assembly to the guide studs. Align the timing marks on the bull gear and the crankshaft timing gear and the camshaft idler gear and adjustable idler gear; see Figure "Engine Gear Train Timing Marks" , and slide the bull gear and camshaft idler gear assembly forward to seat it in the recess in the gear case and cylinder block.
  17. Working through the lightening holes in the bull gear, install two of the bull gear assembly mounting bolts through the hub and into the cylinder block. Finger-tighten the bolts.
  18. Remove the two bull gear guide studs. Install the remaining two bull gear assembly mounting bolts. Torque the bolts to 101-126 N·m (75-93 lb·ft). Tighten in a clockwise sequence.
  19. Check the timing marks on the gears to ensure the gear train is properly timed. See Figure "Engine Gear Train Timing Marks" .
  20. Perform the following:
    1. For crankshaft timing gear-to-oil pump gear lash measurement. Perform step 2 , refer to "1.24.2.1 Check Engine Timing" .
    2. For crankshaft timing gear-to bull gear lash measurement. Perform step 3 , refer to "1.24.2.1 Check Engine Timing" .
    3. To install the gear case cover. Refer to "1.10.3 Installation of Gear Case Cover" .
    4. Install the two bolts and nuts securing the left side gear case stiffening bracket to the gear case. Torque to 75–81 N·m (55–60) lb·ft). See Figure "Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Left Side)"
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      Figure 27. Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Left Side)

    5. Install the bolt securing the left side gear case stiffening bracket to the cylinder head. Torque to 58–73 N·m (43–54 lb·ft). See Figure "Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Left Side)"
    6. Install the bolt securing the right side gear case stiffening bracket to the gear case. Torque the former bracket bolt to 58–73 N·m (43–54 lb·ft) or torque the current gear case bracket bolt to 74–81 N·m (55–60 lb·ft). See Figure "Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Right Side)"
    7. Note: Bolts attaching bracket to the gear case are torqued first, then the bolt to cylinder head is torqued next.

    8. Install the two bolts securing the former right side gear case stiffening bracket to the cylinder head or one bolt securing the current right side bracket. Torque the former bracket bolts to 58–73 N·m (43–54 lb·ft) or torque the current gear case bracket bolt to 74–81 N·m (55–60 lb·ft). See Figure "Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Right Side)"
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      Figure 28. Gear Case Stiffening Bracket (Right Side)

  21. Refer to "1.28.5 Installation of Camshaft and Camshaft Bearing" , "Installation of Camshaft Bearing" and perform the necessary steps.
  22. For bull gear-to-accessory drive gear lash measurement, perform step 10 .Refer to "1.24.2.1 Check Engine Timing" .
  23. Continue engine assembly.


Series 60 Service Manual - 6SE483
Generated on 10-13-2008

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