Series 60

Section 6.8 Charge Air Cooler

Section 6.8
Charge Air Cooler

On vehicle engines, a CAC (charge air cooler) is normally mounted ahead of the cooling system radiator. The compressed air leaving the turbocharger is directed through the CAC before it goes to the air inlet side of the intake manifold. See Figure "Typical Charge Air Cooler" for CAC Water Pump.‪

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Figure 1. Typical Charge Air Cooler

The CAC is used to reduce the temperature of the compressed air leaving the turbocharger before it reaches the intake manifold. This permits a more dense charge of air to be delivered to the engine.‪

Cooling is accomplished by incoming air flowing past the tubes and fins of the charge air cooler. The compressed intake charge flowing inside the CAC core transfers the heat to the tubes and fins where it is picked up by the incoming outside air (vehicle engines). See Figure "Radiator—mounted Charge Air Cooler Cross-section" . ‪

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Figure 2. Radiator—mounted Charge Air Cooler Cross-section

On diesel engines, flexible rubber couplings and hose clamps are used to secure the ductwork to the turbocharger, the CAC inlet and outlet, and the intake manifold.‪

Ductwork is used to transfer the air from the turbocharger outlet to the CAC, and from there to the intake manifold. See Figure "Radiator—mounted Charge Air Cooler and Related Parts (Series 60 Diesel Engine)" .‪

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1. Coupling Hose Clamp‪

4. Charge Air Cooler‪

2. Charge Air Cooler Outlet Duct‪

5. Turbocharger‪

3. Charge Air Cooler Inlet Duct‪

6. Coupling Hose Clamp‪

Figure 3. Radiator—mounted Charge Air Cooler and Related Parts (Series 60 Diesel Engine)

Section 6.8.1
Repair or Replacement of Charge Air Cooler

Refer to the OEM guidelines for CAC repair and replacement procedures.‪

Section 6.8.2
Removal and Cleaning of Charge Air Cooler

Refer to the OEM guidelines for CAC service procedures.‪

Section 6.8.2.1
Inspection of Charge Air Cooler System

The CAC system must be routinely inspected for broken hoses, loose clamps and dirty/obstructed coolers. Damage to any of these components or obstructions require immediate repairs.‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury while performing the test or procedure, wear adequate eye, face protection, and heat-resistant gloves.‪

Inspect the CAC system as follows:‪

  1. Visually inspect the core, tanks, and welds for cracks and holes. If cooler fails visual inspection replace the charge air cooler.Refer to "6.8.1 Repair or Replacement of Charge Air Cooler" .
  2. If the intake manifold shows signs of leaks it should be removed. Refer to "6.3.2 Removal of Intake Manifold" .
  3. Both the intake manifold mating surface and the head port area should be cleaned. Refer to "6.3.3 Cleaning of Intake Manifold" .
  4. After the intake manifold has been cleaned the mating ports should be checked for warpage. Refer to "6.3.3.1 Inspection of Intake Manifold" .
  5. Reinstall the intake manifold refer to "6.3.4 Installation of Intake Manifold" .
Section 6.8.2.2
Charge Air Cooler Pressure Check

Use the charge air cooler tester (J–41473) to test cooler for leaks. See Figure for component parts‪

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 1. Gauge‪

 6. Bleed Valve‪

 2. Safety Straps‪

 7. Gauge Quick Disconnect‪

 3. Gauge Coupler‪

 8. Air Regulator Valve‪

 4. Quick Disconnect Fitting‪

 9. Air Shutoff Valve‪

 5. Bleed-off Coupler‪

10. Pressure Relief Valve‪

Figure 4. Charge Air Cooler Tester (J–41473)

Perform the following to pressure test the charge air cooler:‪

  1. Disconnect the air inlet and outlet piping connecting the charge air cooler to the engine.
  2. Install the charge air cooler test gauge coupler into the inlet hose (hot side) of the charge air cooler coming from the turbocharger compressor. Secure hose and coupler with clamp and torque the clamp to 5.6 - 6.78 N·m (50 - 60 lb·in). See Figure .
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     1. Gauge/Regulator Assembly‪

     6. Bleed-off Coupler‪

     2. Quick Disconnect Fitting‪

     7. Charge Air Cooler Hose (Cold Side)‪

     3. Gauge Coupler‪

     8. Clamp‪

     4. Charge Air Cooler Hose (Hot Side)‪

     9. Charge Air Cooler‪

     5. Safety Strap‪

    Figure 5. Charge Air Cooler and Tester (J-41473)

  3. Attach the gauge/regulator assembly to the quick disconnect fitting on the gauge coupler.
  4. Install clamp and attach the bleed-off coupler to the outlet hose (cold side) of the charge air cooler. Torque the clamp to 5.6 - 6.78 N·m (50 - 60 lb·in).
  5. Connect the safety straps on the couplers to any convenient screw on the radiator mounting bracket.
    warning

    PRESSURIZED AIR AND FLYING PARTICLES

    To avoid injury to eye or face, wear a face shield or goggles when conducting a pressure test.‪

  6. Attach an air pressure line, with filtered air, to the air shutoff valve and gradually pressurize the charge air cooler to a pressure of 205 kPa (30 psi). If necessary, perform the following steps to adjust the air regulator until the gauge reads 205 kPa (30 psi):
    1. Pull regulator knob outward to unlock.
    2. Turn knob to adjust pressure to 205 kPa (30 psi).
    3. Push the regulator knob back into locked position.
  7. Close the air shutoff valve and monitor the gauge with a stop watch for 15 seconds. Note any decrease in air pressure.
  8. Repeat test at least three times to verify results.
    1. If the pressure drop is 34 kPa (5 psi) or less in 15 seconds the cooler is good.
    2. If the pressure drop is greater than 34 kPa (5 psi) in 15 seconds, replace the charge air cooler. Refer to "6.8.1 Repair or Replacement of Charge Air Cooler" .
  9. Slowly release pressure with the charge air cooler by opening the valve in the bleed-off coupler.
  10. Remove all charge air cooler tester pieces and reconnect charge air cooler piping to the engine.
  11. Reconnect air inlet and outlet piping to engine. Torque hose clamps to 5.6 - 6.78 N·m (50 - 60 lb·in).
Section 6.8.2.3
Turbocharger Failure Clean-up Procedure

When a turbocharger failure occurs, debris and oil are deposited into truck components. It is necessary to properly clean the engine and related components to ensure additional damage does not occur. ‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.‪

NOTICE:

Failure to remove residual lubricating oil from air intake passages may allow the oil to act as an external fuel source at engine start- up. This can cause a sudden engine overspeed condition, which may result in severe engine damage.‪

caution

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury, always wear adequate safety equipment.‪

To clean engine and related components perform the following procedure:‪

  1. Inspect inlet and outlet ducting to the CAC and clean as necessary.
  2. Remove the CAC; refer to "6.8.2 Removal and Cleaning of Charge Air Cooler" .
  3. Remove compressor wheel debris by gently tapping the inlet side first and the outlet second.
  4. Remove oil residue from inside the CAC by cleaning it with a mild solution of hot water and detergent. Backflush the CAC with hot water to rinse and remove any remaining fine debris particles.
    warning

    EYE INJURY

    To avoid injury from flying debris when using compressed air, wear adequate eye protection (face shield or safety goggles) and do not exceed 276 kPa (40 psi) air pressure.‪

  5. Blow out the CAC with compressed air to remove all moisture.
  6. Pressure test the CAC, refer to "6.8.2.2 Charge Air Cooler Pressure Check" . If the CAC does not meet pressure test requirements, it must be replaced.
    warning

    PERSONAL INJURY

    To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.‪

    NOTICE:

    Failure to remove residual lubricating oil from air intake passages may allow the oil to act as an external fuel source at engine start- up. This can cause a sudden engine overspeed condition, which may result in severe engine damage.‪

  7. Inspect the air cleaner and replace if contaminated with debris.
  8. Inspect and clean air ducting from air cleaner as necessary.
  9. Drain oil from the muffler and exhaust pipe.

Section 6.8.3
Installation of Charge Air Cooler

Refer to the OEM guidelines for CAC installation procedures.‪

When installation is completed, refer to "12.7 Engine Run-in Instructions" for engine test.‪


Series 60 Service Manual - 6SE483
Generated on 10-13-2008

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