MBE 900

Section 15.4 Misfiring Cylinder

Section 15.4
Misfiring Cylinder

There are several causes for the engine cylinder to be misfiring. These probable causes are:‪

  • Poor Vehicle Ground
  • Aerated Fuel
  • Improper Valve Clearance, Worn or Damaged Camshaft Lobes and Roller Followers
  • Faulty Fuel Nozzle
  • Faulty DDEC-ECU
  • Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit

Section 15.4.1
Troubleshooting Procedure for Poor Vehicle Ground

To determine if poor vehicle ground is causing the cylinder to misfire, perform the following steps:‪

  1. Remove the alternator belt. Refer to "8.2.1 Poly-V Belt Removal" .
    warning

    PERSONAL INJURY

    To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  2. Start the engine.
  3. Run the engine through operating range.
  4. Listen for engine misfiring.
    1. If the engine is not misfiring, refer to "15.4.2 Negative Lead Repair" . Shut down the engine.
    2. If the engine is still misfiring, check for aerated fuel; refer to "15.4.3 Troubleshooting Procedure for Aerated Fuel" .

Section 15.4.2
Negative Lead Repair

Perform the following steps for negative lead repair:‪

  1. Shut down the engine.
  2. Remove negative lead(s) at frame ground stud near battery box.
  3. Clean ground stud; refer to OEM guidelines.
  4. Clean negative lead(s) terminal lugs with low grit sandpaper.
  5. Repair any loose or damaged lead(s), using the splice method or rosin core solder.
  6. Install negative lead(s) to frame ground stud; refer to OEM guidelines.
  7. Install alternator belt. Refer to "8.2.2 Poly-V Belt Installation" .

    Note: Drive belts (Vee and poly-vee) should be replaced every 2,000 hours or 100,000 miles (160,000 km).

  8. Verify negative lead repair; refer to "15.4.2.1 Verification of Repair for Negative Lead" .
Section 15.4.2.1
Verification of Repair for Negative Lead

Perform the following steps to determine if negative lead repair resolved the misfiring cylinder condition:‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  1. Start the engine.
  2. Run engine speed up to the occurrence of the misfiring.
  3. Listen for misfiring cylinder.
    1. If the engine is not misfiring, no further troubleshooting is required. Shut down the engine.
    2. If the engine is misfiring, check for aerated fuel. Shut down the engine; refer to "15.4.3 Troubleshooting Procedure for Aerated Fuel" .

Section 15.4.3
Troubleshooting Procedure for Aerated Fuel

To determine if aerated fuel is causing the cylinder to misfire, perform the following steps:‪

  1. Disconnect the fuel line return hose from the fitting located at the fuel tank.
  2. Place the opened end of fuel line into a suitable container.
    warning

    PERSONAL INJURY

    To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  3. Start the engine.
  4. Run the engine at 1000 rpm.
  5. Visually check to see if air bubbles are rising to the surface of the fuel within the container.
    1. If air bubbles are present, refer to "15.4.4 Aerated Fuel Repair" .
    2. If air bubbles are not present, shut down the engine. Check for improper valve clearance, and worn or damaged camshaft lobes and roller followers; refer to "15.4.5 Troubleshooting Procedure for Improper Valve Clearance, Worn or Damaged Camshaft Lobes and Rollers" .

Section 15.4.4
Aerated Fuel Repair

Perform the following steps to repair the air in the fuel:‪

  1. Shut down the engine.
  2. Tighten all fuel line connections between fuel tank and fuel pump; refer to OEM guidelines.
  3. Visually inspect all fuel lines between fuel tank and fuel pump for leaks.
  4. Replace any damaged components.
  5. Verify repair of fuel lines:
    1. If no air in the fuel return, refer to "15.4.4.1 Test the Engine with Repair for Aerated Fuel" .
    2. If air in the fuel return, locate and repair. Then refer to "15.4.4.1 Test the Engine with Repair for Aerated Fuel" .
Section 15.4.4.1
Test the Engine with Repair for Aerated Fuel

Perform the following steps to determine if the aerated fuel repair resolved the misfiring cylinder condition:‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  1. Start engine.
  2. Run the engine at 1000 rpm.
  3. Listen for misfiring cylinder.
    1. If the engine is not misfiring, no further troubleshooting is required. Shut down the engine.
    2. If the engine is misfiring, check for improper valve clearance, or worn or damaged camshaft lobes or rollers. Shut down the engine; refer to "15.4.5 Troubleshooting Procedure for Improper Valve Clearance, Worn or Damaged Camshaft Lobes and Rollers" .

Section 15.4.5
Troubleshooting Procedure for Improper Valve Clearance, Worn or Damaged Camshaft Lobes and Rollers

Intake and exhaust valve clearance are adjusted by means of an adjusting set screw and locknut located at the push rod end of the rocker arm; See Figure "Intake Valves" for intake valves. Exhaust valve is similar.‪

Click to see this graphic in a separate window

 1. Rocker Arm‪

 3. Intake Valves‪

 2. Pushrod‪

 4. Valve Bridge‪

Figure 1. Intake Valves

To determine if improper valve clearance is causing the cylinder to misfire, check if a worn or damaged cam lobe or followers is causing the misfire.‪

    Bar the engine over and inspect the camshaft and roller followers for wear or damage.‪

  1. If damage is found on the camshaft lobes or roller followers, replace damaged components as necessary.
  2. If no damage was found to camshaft or roller followers, continue with task. Verify the proper lash setting following the procedure in the “Valve Lash Checking and Adjustment” section; refer to "1.17.2 Checking Valve Lash" .
Section 15.4.5.1
Verification of Repair for Improper Valve Clearance or Injector Height Setting

Perform the following steps to determine if valve clearance adjustment resolved the misfiring cylinder condition:‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  1. Start the engine.
  2. Run the engine at 1000 rpm.
  3. Listen for misfiring cylinder.
    1. If engine is not misfiring, shut down the engine. No further troubleshooting is required.
    2. If engine is misfiring, shut down the engine and check for faulty fuel nozzle; refer to "15.4.6 Troubleshooting Procedure for Faulty Fuel Nozzle/Unit Pump" .

Section 15.4.6
Troubleshooting Procedure for Faulty Fuel Nozzle/Unit Pump

To determine if a faulty fuel nozzle or unit pump is causing the cylinder to misfire, check for the following items: ‪

  1. Use the minidiag2 to detect any fault codes.
  2. Make sure that the transfer tube is installed at the proper torque. Refer to "2.3.2 Nozzle Holder Installation" . A leaking transfer tube may be identified by cylinder cut-out evaluation.

Section 15.4.7
Faulty Fuel Nozzle/Unit Pump Repair

Refer to the “Injector Unit Pump” section "2.1 Injector Unit Pump" for unit pump and nozzle replacement. ‪

Section 15.4.7.1
Verification of Repair for Faulty Fuel Nozzle/Unit Pump

Perform the following steps to determine if the replaced fuel nozzle/unit pump resolved the misfiring cylinder conditions:‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  1. Start the engine.
  2. Run the engine speed up to the occurrence of the misfiring.
  3. Listen for misfiring cylinder.
    1. If the engine is not misfiring, shut down the engine. No further troubleshooting is required.
    2. If the engine is misfiring, shut down the engine and check for a faulty DDEC-ECU; refer to "15.4.8 Troubleshooting Procedure for a Faulty DDEC-ECU" .

Section 15.4.8
Troubleshooting Procedure for a Faulty DDEC-ECU

To determine if a faulty DDEC-ECU is causing the cylinder to misfire, install a test DDEC-ECU.‪

Note: Carefully disengage the lock tab on the vehicle wiring harness and engine wiring harness connectors when removing. Follow instructions in the “DDEC-ECU” section; refer to "2.5.1 DDEC-ECU Control Unit Removal" .

Section 15.4.9
Faulty DDEC-ECU Repair

There is no authorized repair for the DDEC-ECU.‪

Section 15.4.9.1
Verification of Replacement for Faulty DDEC-ECU

Perform the following steps to determine if the test DDEC-ECU has resolved the misfiring cylinder condition:‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  1. Start the engine.
  2. Increase the engine speed up to the occurrence of the misfiring.
  3. Listen for misfiring cylinder.
    1. If the engine is not misfiring, shut down the engine. No further troubleshooting is required. Replace the DDEC-ECU with a new unit.
    2. If the engine is misfiring, shut down the engine, install original DDEC-ECU, and check for worn or damaged valves and cylinder kits; refer to "15.4.10 Troubleshooting Procedure for Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit" .

Section 15.4.10
Troubleshooting Procedure for Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit

Loss of compression in MBE 900 engines may result from a variety of sources, including worn or broken fire or compression rings, holes in pistons, leaky valves, scored or worn cylinder walls, leaky or broken gaskets and cracked cylinder heads or cylinder liners. The detection and elimination of the cause or causes of cylinder pressure losses is vital to engine life and efficient operation. To assist the mechanic in effectively measuring the loss of cylinder pressure and locating the source of abnormal leaks in individual cylinders, the following test procedure has been developed.‪

  1. Move the vehicle requiring test to the chassis dynamometer; refer to OEM guidelines.
  2. Remove air compressor; refer to "10.1.1 Air Compressor Removal" .
  3. Perform a crankcase pressure test. Refer to "15.4.10.1 Crankcase Pressure Test" .
  4. Remove the vehicle from the chassis dynamometer.
  5. Review the crankcase pressure test results.
    1. If the crankcase pressure was greater than 0.62 kPa (2.5 in. H2 O); refer to "15.4.11 Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit Repair" .
    2. If the crankcase pressure was less than 0.62 kPa (2.5 in. H2 O); perform a cylinder compression test. Refer to "1.2.2.2 Compression Testing" .
  6. Compare the cylinder compression test results to specifications; refer to "1.2.2.2 Compression Testing" .
    1. If cylinder pressure is below specifications, refer to "15.4.11 Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit Repair" .
    2. If cylinder pressure is within specifications, call Detroit Diesel Customer Support Center at 313–592–5800.
Section 15.4.10.1
Crankcase Pressure Test

Perform the following steps to check the engine crankcase pressure:‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  1. Start the engine.
  2. Run the engine and bring the engine coolant temperature to normal operating range, approximately 88-96°C (190-205°F).
  3. Return engine to idle and remove the oil dipstick.
  4. Attach a manometer calibrated to read pressure in kPa or inches of (H2 O), to the oil dipstick opening.
  5. Run the vehicle to full load and rated speed.
  6. Measure and record crankcase pressure.
  7. Shut down the engine.
  8. Remove the manometer from the oil dipstick opening and install the dipstick.

Section 15.4.11
Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit Repair

Perform the following steps to determine a worn or damaged valve or cylinder kit:‪

  1. Remove cylinder head; refer to "1.2.1 Cylinder Head Removal" .
  2. Inspect the cylinder head for worn or damaged valves; refer to "1.17 Valves" .
  3. Inspect the cylinder head components for worn or damaged liners examine the pistons or piston rings.
  4. Verify repairs made to cylinder valve(s) or cylinder kit components; refer to "15.4.11.1 Verification of Repair for Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit" .
Section 15.4.11.1
Verification of Repair for Worn or Damaged Valve or Cylinder Kit

Perform the following steps to determine if the repaired valve or cylinder kit resolved the misfiring cylinder condition:‪

warning

PERSONAL INJURY

To avoid injury before starting and running the engine, ensure the vehicle is parked on a level surface, parking brake is set, and the wheels are blocked.

  1. Start the engine.
  2. Run the engine speed up to the occurrence of the misfiring.
  3. Listen for misfiring cylinder.
    1. If the engine is not misfiring, no further troubleshooting is required. Shut down the engine.
    2. If the engine is misfiring, shut down the engine. Call Detroit Diesel Customer Support Center at 313–592–5800.


MBE 900 Service Manual - 6SE414
Generated on 10-13-2008

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