DDEC III/IV Single ECM Troubleshooting

Section 38.3 Troubleshooting Flash Code 38

Section 38.3
Troubleshooting Flash Code 38

The following procedure will troubleshoot Flash Code 38. ‪

Section 38.3.1
Multiple Code Check

Perform the following steps to check for multiple codes.‪

  1. Turn vehicle ignition switch ON.
  2. Plug the diagnostic data reader (DDR) into the diagnostic data link (DDL).
  3. Read active codes.
    1. If active code 94/4 and no other codes were logged, refer to "38.3.2 Sensor Check" .
    2. If active code 94/4 and any or all of the following codes were logged, 94/3, 100/3 or 4, 101/3 or 4, 110/3 or 4, 174/3 or 4, 175/3 or 4, refer to "90.1 Description of Engine Sensor Harness" .
    3. If active code 94/4 and codes other than the following codes were logged, 94/3, 100/3 or 4, 101/3 or 4, 110/3 or 4, 174/3 or 4, 175/3 or 4, refer to "38.3.2 Sensor Check" .

Section 38.3.2
Sensor Check

Perform the following steps to check the sensor.‪

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect FPS/FRS connector and install a jumper wire between sockets B and C of the FPS/FRS harness connector. See Figure "Engine Harness Connector to Fuel Pressure Sensor" .
  3. Turn ignition ON.
  4. Read logged codes.
  5. If active codes 94/3 or 4 are not logged, start and run the engine until either these active codes display or engine temperature (COOLANT TEMP & OIL on DDR) has been greater than 60°C (140°F) for more than one minute.
    1. If active code 94/4 and any other codes are logged, refer to "38.3.4 Check for +5 Volts" .
    2. If active code 94/3 and any other codes except code 94/4 are logged, check to ensure ECM and FPS/FRS connectors are wired properly. Refer to "38.3.3 Check Fuel Pressure Sensor Connectors" .
    3. Click to see this graphic in a separate window

      Figure 1. Engine Harness Connector to Fuel Pressure Sensor

Section 38.3.3
Check Fuel Pressure Sensor Connectors

Perform the following steps to check the FPS/FRS connectors.‪

  1. Inspect terminals at the FPS/FRS connectors (both the sensor and harness side) for damage: bent, corroded, and unseated pins or sockets.
    1. If the terminals and connectors are damaged, repair them and refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    2. If the terminals and connectors are not damaged, replace the FPS/FRS and refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 38.3.4
Check for +5 Volts

Perform the following steps to check for +5 volts.‪

  1. Turn vehicle ignition OFF.
  2. Remove jumper wire.
  3. Turn ignition ON.
  4. Measure voltage on FPS/FRS harness connector, socket C to socket A. See Figure "Engine Harness Connector to Fuel Pressure Sensor" .
    1. If the voltage measurement is greater than 6 volts, refer to "38.3.9 Check for Short to Battery +" .
    2. If the voltage measurement is less than 4 volts, refer to "38.3.7 Check for Open +5 Volt Line" .
    3. If the voltage measurement is between 4 and 6 volts, refer to "38.3.5 Check for Signal Open" .
    4. Click to see this graphic in a separate window

      Figure 2. Engine Harness Connector to Fuel Pressure Sensor

Section 38.3.5
Check for Signal Open

Perform the following steps to check for signal open.‪

  1. Turn vehicle ignition OFF.
  2. Disconnect engine harness connector at the ECM.
  3. Install a jumper wire between pins A and B of the FPS/FRS harness connector.
  4. Measure resistance between sockets M1 and Y2 on the engine harness connector.
    1. If resistance measurement is less than or equal to 5 Ω refer to "38.3.10 Check for Short to Ground" .
    2. If the resistance measurement is greater than 5 Ω or open, the signal line (#905) or return line (#452) is open. Repair the open and refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 38.3.6
Check ECM Connectors

Perform the following steps to check the ECM connectors.‪

  1. Check terminals at the ECM harness connector (both ECM and harness side) for damage: bent, corroded, and unseated pins or sockets. Check W1, M1 and Y2 terminals at ECM.
    1. If terminals and connectors are damaged, repair them. Refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    2. If terminals and connectors are not damaged, install a test ECM. Refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 38.3.7
Check for Open +5 Volt Line

Perform the following steps to check for open +5 volt line.‪

  1. Turn vehicle ignition OFF.
  2. Disconnect the engine harness connectors at the ECM.
  3. Install a jumper wire between sockets A and C of the FPS/FRS harness connector. See Figure "Engine Harness Connector to Fuel Pressure Sensor" .
  4. Measure resistance between sockets W1 and Y2 on the engine harness connector.
    1. If resistance measurement is less than or equal to 5 Ω refer to "38.3.8 Check for Short" .
    2. If the resistance measurement is greater than 5 Ω or open, the engine +5 volt line (#416) is open. Repair the open and refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    3. Click to see this graphic in a separate window

      Figure 3. Engine Harness Connector to Fuel Pressure Sensor

Section 38.3.8
Check for Short

Perform the following steps to check for a short.‪

  1. Remove jumper wire.
  2. Measure resistance between sockets A and C of the FPS/FRS harness connector.
    1. If the resistance measurement is greater than 100 Ω or open, refer to "38.3.11 Replace Fuel Pressure Sensor / Fuel Restriction Sensor" .
    2. If the resistance measurement is less than or equal to 100 Ω, the return line (#452) is shorted to the engine +5 volt line (#416). Repair the short and refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 38.3.9
Check for Short to Battery +

Perform the following steps to check for a short to battery.‪

  1. Remove both fuses to the ECM.
  2. Disconnect the vehicle harness and 5-way power connectors at the ECM. See Figure "ECM Vehicle Harness Connector" .
  3. Measure resistance between socket W1 on the engine harness connector and socket B3 of the vehicle harness connector, and between W1 and the 5-way power harness sockets A and C.
    1. If the resistance measurement is greater than 1,000 Ω or open, refer to "38.3.11 Replace Fuel Pressure Sensor / Fuel Restriction Sensor" .
    2. If the resistance measurement is less than or equal to 1,000 Ω, a short exists between sockets where less than 1,000 Ω was measured. Repair short and reinsert fuses. Refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
    3. Click to see this graphic in a separate window

      Figure 4. ECM Vehicle Harness Connector

Section 38.3.10
Check for Short to Ground

Perform the following steps to check for a short to ground.‪

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Remove jumper wires.
  3. Measure resistance between sockets M1 and Y2 on the engine harness connector. Also measure resistance between socket M1 and a good ground.
    1. If both resistance measurements are greater than 100 Ω or open, refer to "38.3.11 Replace Fuel Pressure Sensor / Fuel Restriction Sensor" .
    2. If either resistance measurement is less than or equal to 100 Ω, the signal line (#905) and return line (#452) are shorted together, or the signal line (#905) is shorted to battery ground. Repair the short. Refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .

Section 38.3.11
Replace Fuel Pressure Sensor / Fuel Restriction Sensor

Perform the following steps to replace the FPS/FRS.‪

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Replace FPS/FRS. See Figure "Fuel Restriction Sensor Installation" .
  3. Reconnect all connectors.
  4. Turn ignition ON.
  5. Clear codes.
  6. Start and run the engine for one minute.
    1. If check engine light comes on, refer to "38.3.6 Check ECM Connectors" .
    2. If check engine light does not come on, refer to "38.3.12 Verify Repairs" .
Click to see this graphic in a separate window

Figure 5. Fuel Restriction Sensor Installation

Section 38.3.12
Verify Repairs

Perform the following steps to verify repairs.‪

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF. Reconnect all connectors.
  2. Turn ignition ON. Clear codes.
  3. Start and run the engine for one minute. Stop engine.
  4. Check DDR for codes.
    1. If no codes are logged, troubleshooting is complete.
    2. If code 94/4 is not logged, and other codes are logged, refer to "9.1 First Step for Diagnosing a Fault Within the DDEC System" .
    3. If code 94/4 is logged, and other codes are logged, all system diagnostics are complete. Please review this section from the first step to find the error. Refer to "38.3.1 Multiple Code Check" .


DDEC III/IV Single ECM Troubleshooting Guide - 6SE497
Generated on 10-13-2008

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